As the authors report, the Rooibos Agreement is a superlative in two respects. It is the biggest benefit sharing agreement between industry and indigenous peoples to date. It is also the first industry-wide agreement to be formed in accordance with biodiversity legislation. This article is a co-production between traditional knowledge holders, the lawyer who represented their interests, the Co-Chair of the Nagoya Protocol negotiations, and an ethicist who analysed the major challenges of this historic agreement. With no precedent in the benefit sharing world, the agreement stands as a concrete example of the art of the possible. Although the rooibos case is unique in a number of aspects, the experience offers many transferable insights, including: patience; incrementalism; honesty; trust; genuine dialogue; strong legal support; a shared recognition that a fair, win-win deal is possible; government leadership; and unity amongst indigenous peoples. Such ingredients of success can apply well beyond southern Africa.’
Using traditional Miskitu governance practices to care for waterways in Nicaragua
The Karata of the Cayos Miskitu Biological reserve has adopted laws to strengthen its governance, assure its biocultural connection and to preserve its knowledge, traditional practice and ways of life.
Forest Peoples Programme5 December 2022
How an indigenous group in Far-East Russia fought to protect their lands: the creation of Bikin National Park
Multimedia story on the creation of Bikin National park, which is unique in its management system that includes indigenous and non-indigenous groups.
Forest Peoples Programme5 October 2022