Target 14 – Ecosystem services
By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services, including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
IPLCs understand “ecosystems and habitats that provide essential services” as their customary lands, territories, waters and resources, which provide for their multiple livelihoods and spiritual and cultural needs and also provide ecosystem services not only for themselves but also for others. However, these territories are often exploited unsustainably to capture services and products for others, causing loss and degradation of resources with negative impacts on IPLCs. Progress towards this target will be greatly facilitated if issues related to the customary rights of IPLCs over their lands, waters, and resources are addressed. IPLCs around the world are working to safeguard, conserve and restore their territories and resources, especially through community mapping and development of plans to care for their territories, and greater recognition and support for these efforts will accelerate progress on this target.