Target 11 – Protected areas
By 2020, at least 17% of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10% of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscape and seascape.
Many IPLCs actively manage their customary lands and waters in ways that conserve them effectively. Their actions in doing so contribute to progress on this target and merit greater recognition and support. One mechanism towards this is the concept of Indigenous Peoples’ and Community Conserved Territories and Areas (ICCAs), which are among the most effective of all area-based conservation measures and contribute to both conservation coverage and connectivity. To achieve the target by 2020, actions are also needed to improve the equitable governance and management of protected areas, including through recognition of the rights of IPLCs and the adoption of mechanisms to address conflicts and human rights abuses.